Steve Smith has scored a century in each innings of a Test match for the first time and his 10th Ashes century on Sunday.
With a beautiful drive through the covers, the 30-year-old Blues batsman posted his 25th Test hundred from 147 balls in the second over after lunch on day four of the first Test against England, Edgbaston.
Smith was dismissed for 142 late in the second session after making 144 in the first innings.
It was a successful fourth day for Australia with Tasmanian Matthew Wade also making 110 in his comeback Test. The visitors declared at 7/487 and lead by 384 with England 0/13 and one day remaining.
Smith became the 16th Australian batsman to score a century in each innings of a Test match.
However, only four other Australians have done it in an Ashes series and none more than once. Queensland opening batsman Matthew Hayden was the last during the first Test of the 2002/03 series at the Gabba.
The others are all New South Welshmen. Warren Bardsley, great opening batsman Arthur Morris and Steve Waugh, who is currently with the Australian Test squad as a mentor for the Ashes series.
Waugh was the last man to make a century in each innings on English soil in 1997 at Old Trafford, Manchester.
Australian and Blues team mate, opener David Warner has scored a century in each innings of a Test three times. He is one of only two Australians to do so along with the great Ricky Ponting.
Hayden, the great Allan Border and Greg Chappell have each scored a century in each innings twice.
The records just continue to pile up for Smith. In his last 10 Ashes innings, Smith has scored 1,116 runs at the remarkable average of nearly 140, including five centuries and one double in Perth.
He now averages almost 63 in Test cricket behind only Sir Donald Bradman with the legendary 99.94.
Smith joins Waugh on 10 Ashes hundreds equal third all-time. Both men trail Bradman by nine centuries and England batsman Sir Jack Hobbs by two.
Similar to the first innings, Smith came to the crease at 2/27, but scored at a steadier pace in the second on a wearing surface conducive to spin.
Smith and South Australian batsman Travis Head (51 from 116) took the lead past 100 on the fourth morning.
They shared a 130-run partnership for the fourth wicket before Ben Stokes broke through. Smith then combined with Wade to add another 126 for the fifth wicket.
In the first innings, Smith scored more than half of the 284 posted by Australia. He made 102 of his 144 with the final two batsmen and in partnership with seamer Peter Siddle (44) and Nathan Lyon (12 not out) added 162.