New South Wales Blues duo Nathan Lyon and Pat Cummins reached career highs on the fifth day at Edgbaston sharing the 10 wickets required for a one-nil Ashes series lead.
Lyon, 31, became the fourth Australian bowler to take 350 Test wickets on Monday and claimed his best figures against England, 6-49. Only Shane Warne, Glenn McGrath and Dennis Lillee have taken more Test wickets than the off-spinner who has 352.
He is Australia's leading off-spinner in Test cricket.
Cummins, 26, returned 4-32 from 11.3 overs including his 100th Test match wicket. The fast bowler has 101 to his name at an average of 21.64.
Resuming at 0/13, England was bowled out for 146 not long after drinks in the second session sealing a 251-run win in Birmingham. Steve Smith was named Player of the Match for his two remarkable centuries.
His 144 from 219 balls followed by 142 off 207 was the first time he had scored a century in each innings of a First Class match and just the fifth Australian to do so in an Ashes Test. Smith also claimed three catches, including the final one of the match, and now sits on 99 Test catches.
Prior to Monday, Australia had not won a Test match at Edgbaston since they last won the Ashes on English soil in 2001 under the leadership of Blues great Steve Waugh, who is a mentor for the Australian squad in this series.
Lyon has taken 352 wickets in 87 Test matches. His 350th wicket was dangerous allrounder, and left-hander, Ben Stokes (6).
The 100th wicket for Cummins was wicketkeeper Jonny Bairstow (6).
Lyon now trails the legendary fast bowler Dennis Lillee by three wickets on the all-time leading wicket takers for Australia in Test cricket.
With a tally of 708, Warne claimed the second most wickets in Test cricket behind Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan. McGrath claimed 563 in 124 Test matches, while Lillee took 355 from 70 games between 1971 and 1984. It was Lyon's 15th Test five-wicket haul.
Lyon finished the first Test with nine wickets and Cummins claimed 7/116 for the match.
Australian Test captain and wicketkeeper Tim Paine said the key to Lyon’s fifth day success was his speed.
“I think he bowled a little bit quicker which he tends to do over here because (he) doesn’t get the bounce that he gets in Australia or as sharp a turn as consistently, but I thought today he nailed the speed he needed to bowl.” Paine said.
“He controlled it beautifully.”
On a surface more and more conducive to spin as the game wore on, many speculated that Lyon needed to be the man to bowl Australia to victory.
He did not disappoint, but not without the support of Australia’s pace attack, primarily Cummins. Lyon had three by lunch including the crucial scalp of England captain Joe Root (28).
Lyon removed Stokes with a sharply spinning delivery that clipped the outside edge through to Paine.
He was on a hat-trick with one wicket for victory but could not beat the defences of an injured Jimmy Anderson (4 not out).
Among the four scalps for Cummins included first innings centurion Rory Burns for just 11.